A Corpus of 21st Century Scots Texts

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Top 200 3-grams

Sortable List of Top 200 most frequently occurring 3-grams in Corpus

Hereto follows a list of the top most frequently used 3-grams in the Corpus of 21st Century Scots Texts, with the number of occurences normalised per million, then number of occurrences normalised per million for each dialect.

Clicking on the column headings should sort the 3-grams by that language variety.

Word Total Occurrences
(normalised per million words)
Central
(normalised per million words)
Doric / Northern
(normalised per million words)
Shetland
(normalised per million words)
Orkney
(normalised per million words)
Southern / Borders
(normalised per million words)
Ulster
(normalised per million words)
the32,039.1 35,737.032,626.76 2,430.73 37,292.98 28,238.37 24,423.49
tha7,389.1 7,493.63,487.50 602.25 5,430.78 6,533.88 22,313.98
tae10,611.0 11,197.79,208.27 5,749.30 11,967.63 9,774.00 12,926.33
air5,242.2 5,097.54,938.13 3,675.58 2,805.07 6,185.19 8,988.43
hae2,436.6 2,147.61,321.02 3,473.80 2,182.27 3,486.88 6,132.45
ter4,405.4 4,164.74,546.31 4,076.04 3,960.98 5,707.76 5,778.11
her7,926.1 8,212.88,824.43 5,255.71 8,191.00 7,901.81 5,548.97
oot4,730.2 4,265.45,507.42 5,889.00 5,380.95 4,484.67 5,317.47
nae3,577.3 3,617.54,007.93 1,809.85 383.64 4,393.47 4,752.88
hai1,736.5 1,791.4895.30 406.67 752.34 1,915.10 4,715.09
for3,942.3 3,960.83,850.41 4,153.65 2,864.86 3,379.59 4,618.23
hat4,903.2 5,941.43,120.60 1,117.58 4,613.67 4,350.55 4,545.00
cht3,384.0 3,075.04,799.55 2,682.18 59.79 3,776.56 4,301.69
sco2,336.7 2,870.5741.77 530.85 812.13 2,108.22 4,280.43
ste2,180.7 1,995.02,114.63 1,719.82 1,918.21 2,376.44 4,129.24
thi4,774.0 5,141.94,411.72 3,169.57 5,769.58 3,669.27 4,089.09
cot2,189.3 2,699.1657.02 425.30 647.71 2,145.77 4,060.74
ent3,768.0 4,175.32,663.98 3,433.44 2,884.79 3,851.66 3,942.63
uls350.4 47.827.92 21.73 29.89 252.13 3,845.77
lst343.7 46.637.89 24.84 24.91 75.10 3,824.51
oon2,894.6 2,333.04,226.27 3,095.06 3,592.28 2,462.27 3,689.86
ers3,056.6 3,081.92,899.27 2,679.08 2,600.79 3,481.52 3,555.21
ith2,872.1 2,829.53,261.18 974.77 2,575.88 3,599.53 3,536.32
wus286.1 7.820.94 - - 85.83 3,458.36
hin3,762.3 3,561.84,245.22 5,057.03 3,228.57 3,760.47 3,401.67
tho1,985.7 1,907.41,990.01 757.47 2,192.24 2,011.66 3,392.22
yin1,346.7 1,304.5795.60 934.42 343.78 2,274.52 3,352.06
ion2,653.5 2,991.51,625.11 2,287.92 2,217.15 2,210.15 3,217.41
ich2,658.0 2,494.63,636.05 1,924.71 249.12 3,020.18 3,115.83
wee2,738.8 2,586.63,476.53 2,132.71 2,207.19 2,392.54 3,007.17
ive1,635.1 1,523.71,620.12 1,483.89 1,405.03 1,035.34 3,000.08
irt1,136.7 1,020.3993.01 729.53 632.76 949.50 2,988.27
ang2,476.2 2,561.62,262.19 2,495.92 1,694.00 2,140.41 2,841.81
ots1,597.0 1,944.0585.24 465.66 797.18 1,131.90 2,818.19
lan2,730.8 2,828.91,937.17 4,395.80 2,820.02 2,231.60 2,780.39
wha1,720.6 1,869.6338.98 2,169.96 1,838.49 3,336.68 2,759.13
kin2,789.8 2,852.72,929.18 3,225.45 876.90 2,521.28 2,678.81
mai1,956.8 2,072.81,696.89 1,688.78 348.77 1,925.83 2,676.45
han1,890.1 1,810.81,768.67 1,139.31 2,755.25 2,489.10 2,674.09
-sc231.0 26.06.98 6.21 29.89 10.73 2,674.09
ver2,535.2 2,493.12,435.67 3,383.77 2,630.69 1,968.75 2,648.10
r-s228.2 23.510.97 9.31 29.89 16.09 2,643.38
fur1,396.2 1,212.91,074.76 1,654.63 2,446.34 1,866.82 2,641.02
rin1,804.2 1,768.31,817.53 1,580.13 921.74 1,850.73 2,612.67
eid1,547.5 1,647.21,250.24 419.09 767.28 1,813.18 2,610.31
lin1,908.8 1,873.61,886.32 1,961.97 1,375.13 1,593.24 2,579.60
hei1,877.7 1,856.12,034.87 350.79 737.39 3,798.02 2,525.26
sta2,163.8 2,213.81,850.43 2,461.77 2,167.33 1,689.80 2,508.73
ear2,503.2 2,444.02,647.03 2,483.50 2,705.42 2,623.21 2,475.66
hon828.3 756.1598.20 502.91 259.08 745.66 2,473.29
tin2,386.4 2,454.32,296.09 3,119.90 772.27 2,027.76 2,452.03
ins1,307.2 1,306.41,100.69 813.35 936.68 1,158.72 2,418.96
his4,503.9 4,923.34,640.03 2,883.96 5,012.26 3,642.45 2,383.53
ist3,370.9 3,560.33,907.24 2,297.24 1,843.47 3,004.08 2,371.72
dae1,130.9 1,288.9480.55 307.33 577.95 1,147.99 2,359.91
tio2,018.5 2,293.31,166.49 1,856.42 1,818.56 1,625.42 2,352.82
een3,506.2 2,561.65,821.47 6,084.58 5,620.10 3,320.58 2,274.86
ing3,915.0 3,785.74,630.06 4,423.73 4,389.46 4,667.06 2,253.60
yer1,396.6 1,186.02,377.84 68.30 508.20 1,298.19 2,137.85
hoo1,579.8 1,391.51,599.18 1,763.29 2,655.60 1,963.38 2,137.85
but2,135.7 2,422.71,467.58 1,735.35 1,534.57 2,156.50 2,130.77
bae202.5 13.420.94 145.91 368.69 5.36 2,111.87
gie1,174.6 1,068.81,233.29 1,350.40 707.50 820.76 2,078.80
ere3,928.1 4,206.64,189.39 3,110.58 3,607.23 3,814.11 2,029.19
sha976.1 824.9661.01 1,974.38 1,300.40 847.58 2,007.93
boo1,897.4 1,727.92,224.30 2,585.94 1,664.11 1,893.64 1,991.39
ull798.9 643.81,003.98 232.83 612.83 858.31 1,977.22
fer1,053.9 922.71,004.97 726.42 1,454.85 1,630.79 1,965.41
rie1,649.9 1,591.91,344.95 3,386.87 822.09 1,480.58 1,955.96
tch954.5 832.1946.15 819.56 1,325.31 675.92 1,948.87
ait1,406.2 1,430.21,310.06 729.53 861.95 2,049.21 1,941.78
com1,734.8 1,688.21,757.71 2,238.25 1,748.81 1,147.99 1,901.63
ane1,383.1 1,528.7995.00 906.48 388.62 1,732.71 1,882.73
oul1,089.9 1,003.7908.27 1,089.64 1,225.66 1,603.97 1,880.37
lic1,099.6 786.41,417.73 1,800.54 343.78 2,612.48 1,870.92
res1,495.2 1,569.11,134.58 1,511.83 1,554.50 1,239.18 1,863.83
ree1,882.8 1,677.92,451.62 2,204.11 2,516.09 1,266.01 1,809.50
man1,535.5 1,537.21,304.07 1,713.62 1,903.26 1,437.67 1,804.77
er-253.5 116.9117.65 114.86 159.44 166.30 1,795.32
ain2,169.4 2,193.82,493.49 1,840.89 1,728.88 1,915.10 1,788.24
aid2,047.8 1,995.01,962.09 3,349.62 951.63 2,939.71 1,785.87
min1,714.4 1,534.12,322.01 1,816.06 1,340.26 1,609.33 1,783.51
aim591.5 584.1253.24 152.11 298.94 906.59 1,783.51
din1,772.0 1,808.91,971.07 1,204.50 637.74 2,247.70 1,781.15
nin1,325.5 1,254.51,576.25 1,362.82 338.80 1,158.72 1,781.15
ner1,244.4 1,266.41,204.37 651.92 687.57 1,496.68 1,776.43
eir1,275.7 1,341.41,361.90 139.70 498.24 1,362.57 1,769.34
ame1,708.2 1,761.11,874.36 1,126.89 787.21 1,764.90 1,769.34
wul353.8 248.0207.38 - 4.98 729.56 1,769.34
int2,269.0 2,212.32,806.55 1,977.49 1,833.51 2,473.00 1,762.25
tur1,261.2 1,227.31,214.34 1,052.38 1,240.61 1,346.47 1,759.89
oor1,546.0 1,473.11,712.84 1,384.55 1,943.12 1,271.37 1,757.53
sae796.5 733.3741.77 484.28 269.05 1,131.90 1,743.35
oni532.8 541.9207.38 155.22 189.33 407.70 1,740.99
aye1,433.5 1,423.41,683.93 620.88 851.98 1,662.97 1,710.28
whu204.7 90.16.98 9.31 269.05 91.20 1,707.92
eri1,165.8 1,011.61,054.82 2,896.38 483.29 944.14 1,698.47
rae878.0 807.7743.76 565.00 642.72 1,786.36 1,677.21
ess1,778.0 1,718.21,757.71 2,446.25 2,022.84 1,727.35 1,674.85
cum241.1 133.253.84 55.88 129.54 305.77 1,665.40
fra788.6 792.0600.19 93.13 189.33 1,652.25 1,641.78
doo1,672.4 1,355.52,462.59 1,961.97 2,142.42 1,936.56 1,634.69
ell2,008.0 2,154.41,994.99 1,636.01 1,514.64 1,587.87 1,634.69
say1,306.2 1,221.71,494.50 1,046.17 1,434.92 1,314.29 1,632.33
ice1,267.8 913.41,721.82 2,219.63 682.58 3,068.46 1,629.96
och1,243.2 1,060.61,776.65 1,344.19 219.22 1,561.05 1,627.60
ate1,588.0 1,702.01,324.01 1,328.67 1,135.98 1,899.01 1,627.60
hir692.4 624.4368.89 207.99 1,868.39 1,062.16 1,620.52
men1,263.1 1,455.6736.78 1,021.34 861.95 847.58 1,613.43
der1,660.8 1,277.61,235.28 6,916.55 1,534.57 1,711.25 1,601.62
abo1,817.5 1,694.22,129.59 2,539.38 1,564.46 1,797.08 1,589.81
ill2,791.2 2,621.03,744.72 3,194.40 2,864.86 2,585.66 1,566.18
are1,823.9 1,911.21,850.43 1,282.11 1,748.81 1,807.81 1,556.73
wer2,162.7 2,185.12,559.29 1,930.92 1,873.37 1,738.08 1,554.37
hey2,061.8 2,299.82,223.31 164.53 1,913.23 1,705.89 1,552.01
sai2,221.9 2,310.52,049.83 3,172.67 847.00 2,993.35 1,549.65
nna1,488.1 1,387.11,981.04 1,229.33 772.27 1,668.34 1,540.20
ati1,601.0 1,872.7973.07 1,685.68 886.86 1,088.98 1,535.47
ose1,197.7 1,017.21,381.84 1,316.26 1,424.96 2,086.76 1,535.47
ord872.6 884.6796.60 294.92 523.15 949.50 1,533.11
mon895.6 847.7881.35 810.24 577.95 858.31 1,523.66
see1,782.1 1,682.32,115.63 2,365.53 1,818.56 1,239.18 1,523.66
ine1,624.0 1,386.82,519.41 1,505.62 1,464.81 1,496.68 1,516.58
inn1,373.7 1,088.52,625.10 471.87 787.21 1,416.21 1,509.49
owe1,711.8 1,525.92,283.13 2,350.01 1,624.25 1,287.46 1,504.76
thr1,186.8 1,246.11,221.32 164.53 1,126.01 1,115.80 1,495.32
aes696.3 649.8268.19 1,483.89 886.86 450.61 1,481.14
ann1,164.5 1,077.81,401.78 1,185.87 926.72 895.86 1,471.69
oos984.7 706.71,262.20 1,673.26 1,240.61 1,721.98 1,457.52
ies1,517.9 1,538.71,633.08 1,356.61 1,320.33 1,212.36 1,438.62
ans842.2 804.9703.88 863.02 792.20 895.86 1,436.26
sin1,081.6 999.01,236.28 1,052.38 582.94 1,448.40 1,436.26
ric1,511.7 1,411.52,195.39 1,241.75 378.66 1,416.21 1,433.90
day1,779.3 1,341.43,229.28 1,993.01 1,813.58 1,866.82 1,433.90
ein1,179.3 1,231.11,190.42 1,071.01 174.38 933.41 1,429.17
est1,645.8 1,642.21,545.35 2,110.98 1,723.90 1,861.46 1,424.45
ore1,183.8 1,031.21,261.20 1,434.22 2,261.99 1,249.91 1,422.09
and5,923.5 6,978.63,777.63 5,237.08 11,848.06 4,409.56 1,417.36
otc151.9 46.626.92 77.61 34.88 26.82 1,410.27
can1,572.1 1,590.01,543.35 1,961.97 1,320.33 1,394.75 1,405.55
she3,465.7 3,364.54,655.98 2,250.67 4,274.87 4,768.98 1,377.20
ali703.6 559.4707.87 1,682.57 408.55 252.13 1,377.20
hut242.2 151.0111.66 74.51 368.69 91.20 1,374.84
ons1,152.1 1,051.61,469.58 1,120.68 981.53 906.59 1,372.48
eel1,318.6 1,068.81,944.15 1,632.90 1,768.74 1,094.34 1,370.12
nne953.4 979.01,003.98 344.59 493.25 842.22 1,370.12
jes251.2 56.9393.81 521.54 39.86 75.10 1,353.58
unn824.4 828.9669.98 831.97 548.06 670.55 1,348.86
nie1,063.8 910.21,709.85 776.09 553.04 643.73 1,339.41
die852.9 816.7751.74 378.73 1,718.92 810.03 1,334.68
ide1,533.7 1,445.31,804.57 1,819.16 1,689.02 1,416.21 1,320.51
oar356.6 184.2208.37 1,396.97 293.96 193.12 1,320.51
eth848.4 715.41,039.87 1,095.84 842.02 622.27 1,313.42
ult387.5 369.9202.39 130.38 214.24 225.31 1,308.70
nit823.8 768.0841.47 518.43 777.25 1,169.45 1,306.33
ais1,081.6 1,187.3904.28 661.23 418.52 1,174.81 1,296.89
roo1,377.7 1,203.91,788.61 1,809.85 1,898.28 1,035.34 1,292.16
pai734.4 782.3480.55 381.84 528.13 879.77 1,275.62
rse1,157.9 1,047.81,425.71 1,241.75 712.48 1,679.07 1,273.26
gan647.6 550.6730.80 344.59 662.65 949.50 1,273.26
tak896.0 838.0915.24 1,008.92 1,036.33 590.09 1,270.90
aed579.0 514.4478.56 459.45 1,016.40 413.06 1,261.45
cul397.3 391.8218.34 99.34 234.17 187.76 1,259.09
rea1,865.5 2,041.21,796.59 1,300.73 1,758.77 1,695.16 1,256.73
rai1,106.4 1,027.81,441.66 741.95 876.90 1,196.27 1,252.00
hee969.1 820.8968.09 1,136.20 2,137.43 1,335.74 1,249.64
ran1,325.5 1,354.91,249.24 949.94 2,132.45 1,196.27 1,244.92
oan991.6 1,135.7582.25 242.14 567.99 1,904.37 1,242.55
irs917.2 849.9921.23 1,359.72 886.86 579.36 1,242.55
gin1,209.5 1,200.71,454.62 714.01 413.54 1,689.80 1,237.83
sel1,305.5 1,281.11,387.82 1,437.33 702.51 1,861.46 1,235.47
eft924.5 864.3937.18 1,129.99 792.20 987.06 1,228.38
stÃ106.9 0.6- 149.01 - - 1,228.38
lei477.3 544.4128.61 46.57 164.42 590.09 1,223.65
lli845.0 883.7717.84 655.02 313.89 906.59 1,223.65
nor666.1 596.9663.00 772.99 473.32 633.00 1,221.29
wur383.4 340.547.86 12.42 647.71 1,378.66 1,221.29
urn807.9 750.8801.59 689.17 901.81 1,008.51 1,211.84
ure928.3 983.1734.79 757.47 981.53 638.37 1,204.76
ome2,252.9 2,220.72,520.41 3,107.48 2,964.51 1,502.04 1,204.76
fow746.4 764.8871.38 161.43 104.63 423.79 1,202.39
sus249.5 113.2287.14 478.07 64.77 32.19 1,200.03
pro908.4 980.3626.11 856.81 951.63 590.09 1,192.95
all1,765.0 1,819.91,905.26 1,552.19 1,798.63 1,700.53 1,192.95
yae195.9 160.45.98 15.52 4.98 80.47 1,192.95
lie1,046.8 1,078.2914.25 741.95 772.27 1,711.25 1,192.95
ont911.0 974.7751.74 651.92 722.44 718.83 1,178.77
tan897.3 797.4762.70 953.04 2,630.69 740.29 1,176.41
nta1,092.7 1,230.1717.84 897.16 1,345.24 649.10 1,166.96
ast1,391.2 1,353.61,488.52 1,418.70 2,077.65 1,239.18 1,164.60
rit960.1 1,054.4665.00 887.85 752.34 820.76 1,162.24
tte1,560.7 1,400.51,916.23 1,993.01 1,888.32 2,204.78 1,159.87
noo971.4 763.91,334.98 1,291.42 1,614.29 906.59 1,157.51
str1,205.9 1,245.8996.00 1,297.63 2,007.89 745.66 1,155.15
har938.4 928.4720.83 897.16 1,444.89 1,325.01 1,150.42
esu220.3 93.5216.35 434.61 64.77 107.29 1,148.06
ett1,139.6 1,081.91,348.94 1,120.68 956.61 1,233.82 1,138.61
wud123.9 20.319.94 - - 509.62 1,136.25
eve1,835.5 2,035.91,344.95 2,644.93 1,459.83 1,636.15 1,133.89
nti1,243.6 1,326.11,124.61 1,210.71 667.64 1,394.75 1,133.89